Español Français Deutsch Italiano Português 汉语


TECHNICAL LIBRARY

In this section you will find a comprehensive range of articles from WSA magazine, dating back as far as 2000. To obtain the articles online in PDF format, you must first set up an account. Articles cover innovation at different levels in the performance textiles value chain, including developments with polymers, fibres, yarns, fabrics, finishes and final products from the apparel, footwear and equipment ranges of sports and outdoor brands around the world.



Select a category below to view articles
  Search the archive:

FABRIC & FINISHES

more than 200 Items Found

 
A force for good
Since its launch two years ago, the Fashion for Good initiative has supported more than 60 innovators as they seek to develop solutions that help the apparel industry transition towards a circular model. Its latest endeavour, an interactive museum in the centre of Amsterdam, aims to encourage consumers to change their behaviour as well.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2019
Solutions for the big skills gap problem
Digital skills are needed on factory floors if textile manufacturers in Europe are to enjoy success in the future. Industry figures believe they have identified the skills gaps that need addressing most urgently and the European Commission is offering funding to help this ‘upskilling’ happen.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2019
Textiles take to bio-manufacturing
From spider silks to innovative dyeing methods, bacteria are believed to be efficient and sustainable ‘micro-factories’ that have the potential to manufacture the materials of tomorrow.
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2019
Sustainability: United By Blue
Outdoor brand United By Blue is opposed to any kind of wasteful behaviour. As well as fighting back against waste through company-organised clean-up activities, it has also found a use for an often overlooked by-product of the bison meat industry.
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2019
Closing the clothing loop
Mechanical, chemical and biological recycling processes are being investigated in an effort to tackle the titanic task of turning the mountains of textile waste generated each year at all levels of the fashion industry, from manufacturers to retailers and to consumers, into new fibres.
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2019
Game Changers: Lutz Walter
As director of innovation and skills for the European Apparel and Textile Confederation (Euratex), Lutz Walter is well placed to offer insight into some of the challenges that the continent’s textile and clothing sectors look set to face in the coming years.
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2019
Performance Days makes itself at home at Messe München
After many successful years at Munich’s MTC exhibition centre, Performance Days took a step into the unknown in November with its move to Messe München, the exhibition’s new home.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2019
GOTS sets organic apart
Sustainability: GOTS The textile industry is not short of initiatives to promote and certify “better” materials. GOTS has been working for more than a decade to convince brands that organic textiles are the best there is.
WSA - Issue6 - Nov/Dec 2018
Fabric is about detail
Game Changers: Andy Dong The founder of Dry-Tex says he sees a clear path ahead for his company to continue to do things many in the industry believed no Chinese company would ever do.
WSA - Issue6 - Nov/Dec 2018
Rethinking business as usual
Innovation in technology and work processes is disrupting the traditional sequence of events that bring a product from idea to market. The need to reduce lead times is driving a trend that is also opening the way to new business models.
WSA - Issue5 - Sept/Oct 2018
Innovation for the individual
NEWCOMERS: X-BIONIC INDIVIDUAL. Swiss performance sportswear brand X-Bionic will call on all it has learned from 20 years of innovation for a new project it says can create garments “as individual as a fingerprint”.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2018
Performance around the clock
Looking for new fields—innovations initially developed for athletes are set to make an entrance into sleepwear and home textiles.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2018
Thirty-five years of Concept III
New Jersey-based fabric sourcing specialist Concept III is celebrating its 35th anniversary this year, and is looking forward to offering its expertise and its integrity for many years to come.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2018
Catalyst for change
GAME CHANGERS: MICHEL CHTEPA. Money talks. The Seaqual 4U managing director brings almost 30 years’ textile industry experience to his role at the recycled polyester fibre producer and says the market for recycled materials will only move forward when evidence of genuine demand from consumers emerges.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2018
Recycled down, as good as new
With many brands introducing recycled down in their autumn-winter 2018-19 collections, demand for the material is up, as is the price of virgin down. Some see this shift to regenerated down as opportunistic, while others believe it helps reduce textile waste and is a rare example of upcycling a post-consumer item into a highly coveted product.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2018
The performance cotton challenge
The next natural fibre in line for a technical upgrade may well be cotton. From traditional suppliers to textile start-ups, many fibre and fabric manufacturers are picking up the challenge.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2018
When small is big
The high-tech engineering and chemistry that go into the manufacture of functional fabrics can extend to the molecular or even nanoscale level. This infinitely small dimension, applicable to materials and processes, is making a comeback in a wide array of performance textiles.
WSA - Issue5 - Sept/Oct 2017
Chain reaction
Warmer or cooler, faster wicking or additional air permeability, and now, possibly even shape-shifting, materials that adjust their properties to varying conditions are paving the way for the next generation of smart clothing.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2017
Sharing is caring
The Sympatex CEO discusses the environmental footprint of the textile industry and how it can collaborate to tackle some of the big issues.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2017
Persistence pays off for Gore
A new Environmental Chamber at WL Gore’s headquarters in Maryland will help the company test new ideas for using its membrane technology in footwear and apparel.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2017
Eye on the horizon
Recent innovation in fibres, fabrics and films points to lighter, stronger and smarter solutions for performance clothing.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2017
Fleece’s future
Although its origins are in the US, dynamic options now exist in Asia for finding new ways to make fleece for outdoor apparel.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2017
Sustainability: Laundry
The laundry quandary: The presence of unpleasant odours lingering on laundered sports clothes calls into question the catchy claims of commercial detergents. Upon closer look, the issue is more complicated than many might expect.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2017
Saturation point
A functional baselayer strives to keep its wearer comfortable and dry at all times. But what happens if it becomes thoroughly soaked and saturated? The choice of fibre and the fabric structure can make a difference, depending on the activity and the environment.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2017
Net assets
Open-structured textiles play a key role in performance sports clothing. Added airflow speeds up the evaporation of moisture and enhances thermoregulation. New developments in this product category are raising the bar on what mesh fabrics can do.
WSA - Issue6 - Nov/Dec 2016
Smart trimming: every detail counts
From improved ergonomics to elaborate ornamentation, innovative garment trimming can tip the balance in performance clothing. New solutions developed in zippers and taping are simplifying and enhancing clothing design.
WSA - Issue5 - Sept/Oct 2016
The future of fashion
Rise to the Challenge: Space Textiles - Couture in Orbit, a project organised by the European Space Agency, tapped into the skills of students from some of Europe’s top fashion colleges to generate clothing designs inspired by space exploration.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2016
Made to last
Game Changers: Cindy Mcnaull - The global brand and marketing director of Cordura, whose ‘durability-plus’ fabrics are in demand among outdoor apparel and backpack companies and, increasingly, also among workwear, denim and footwear brands, says making sure products will last a long time is an important way of making the outdoor industry more sustainable.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2016
Crowd-backed textile innovation
Information technologies have changed many aspects of everyday life and business, all the way down to the relatively niche market of functional fabrics and clothing. Internet wizardry is opening the field to new players and speeding up the rate at which new products come to market.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2016
Odour under control
Everybody wants synthetic baselayers and sports shoes that don’t smell, but usually prefer not to hear about the microbes that produce smells or the biocides used to reduce them. Many antiodour products are based on silver, which inevitably brings to mind nano, a term no brand wants to be associated with. Many seek solutions that do not involve biocides. Legislation is complicated and ever-changing. This is the tricky context that antibacterial textile additives face.
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2016
Game Changers: Nick Smith, Covestro
Good products and safer factories: In this new section, we are running a series of detailed conversations with industry figures who are involved first hand in technical innovation, new design ideas, environmental projects and other initiatives that are certain to make an impact on the wider outdoor and sports sectors. The series begins with an exchange with Nick Smith, global head of textile coatings at polymer producer Covestro.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2016
New spin on smart at Titas
Thanks to continued investment in research and development, Taiwanese textile manufacturers are doing their best to stay on top of performance sportswear trends. While environmental concerns remain a key driver of innovation, luminous properties and biometric monitoring were among the highlights of the Titas show in Taipei at the end of last year.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2016
A lighter footprint
“Mastering the art of sustainable innovation” was the key theme of international textile machinery show Itma, a call that was well heeded by the companies exhibiting waterless, paperless or stitchless solutions in Milan last November.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2016
Performance Lab passes Shanghai test
The autumn 2015 edition of the Intertextile Shanghai Apparel Fabrics exhibition took place in October in the newly completed National Exhibition and Conference Center in Hongqiao. For the first time, organiser Messe Frankfurt included a zone called Performance Lab, a special section for manufacturers to showcase high-performance functional fabrics. More than 60 companies took part and the feature proved popular with visitors to the show
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2016
Breakthroughs in wearable technology
Which ideas will help make wearable technology more mainstream? We pick out three smart garments that could soon help sports enthusiasts everywhere measure health and performance.
WSA - Issue6 - Nov/Dec 2015
Rise To The Challenge: Speedo and Aquafil
In at the deep end: Speedo USA has become the first brand to use a technique developed by two universities and pioneered by Aquafil that can recycle swimwear scraps into usable fabric.
WSA - Issue6 - Nov/Dec 2015
A Retrospective Part 2
20th Anniversary: Two decades of change: In the second part of WSA’s 20th anniversary celebrations, industry insiders discuss how the magazine has kept them informed of market developments, and give us their views on the changing face of the outdoor and sports market, and what lies in store.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2015
WSA - The Second 10 Years
A brief timeline in textiles and sports, Part 2.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2015
Brand Profile: Upcouture
Posture-enhancing T-shirts from Paris: A Paris-based apparel start-up has used carefully cut and strategically positioned strips of elastic film to turn T-shirts into garments that can help wearers maintain “a dream posture”.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2015
Rise To The Challenge: Vozweimax And Schoeller
The jacket runners really wanted: German triathlete Michael Stigl tried for years to find a suitable running jacket. In 2014, he gave up and launched his own sports brand, Vozweimax. With the help of a detailed series of instructions on how athletes can take their own measurements, and high-end performance fabrics and textile technologies from Schoeller, he is proud now to be able to offer the type of running jacket he always dreamed of.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2015
20 in 20: Textiles and Apparel
20th Anniversary: 20 in 20: Textiles and apparel. In the 20 years since we began publishing WSA there have been many landmark moments in the field of innovation in outdoor and sports products. In the second of two articles, we look at 20 important developments in the last 20 years in textiles and apparel for athletic and sports. There is no order of preference and nor is the timeline important. These are simply stories centred around fibre, yarn, fabric and finished product developments that created headlines in WSA and beyond and helped define the shape of the performance apparel industry today.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2015
The new shape of shells
Change is under way in the hard- and soft-shell categories as innovative waterproof-breathable membranes come to market.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2015
Anniversary Perspective: 20 years on
Looking into the future market with the benefit of hindsight: In 1995, textile management consultant David Rigby outlined his thoughts on present and future markets for sports- and leisurewear in WSA’s first issue. Twenty years on, Alexandra Zakharova decided to focus on the same markets and review the factors that have contributed towards their growth. Using Rigby’s original article as a starting point, it has led her to consider multiple areas of activity and highlights the importance of the ‘Millennials’, especially women, for the sector’s further development.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2015
WSA - The First Ten Years
A brief timeline WSA in textiles and sports.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2015
20th anniversary: A retrospective
WSA hits the spot: As part of WSA’s 20th anniversary celebrations, some of the big players in the textiles and sportswear supply chains share their views on the advances of the past two decades and consider where we are headed, and explain how the magazine has helped inform them.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2015
Innovators: David Parkes
Bridge builder: David Parkes says he came into the textile industry by chance in the 1960s, but he took the opportunity to build up skills in sales, product development and marketing and brought them to the emerging outdoor industry at just the right time, providing a bridge between textile developers and finished product brands, as he still does to this day.
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2015
How materials measure up in the Higg Index
Central to the Sustainable Apparel Coalition’s broad push to promote sustainable practices in the apparel and footwear industries, the materials section of the Higg Index strives to gauge the environmental impact of textiles and raw materials. This ambitious, innovative and concerted effort to rate and compare textiles raises as many questions as it answers.
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2015
Experimentation in 3D printing and textiles
Far from the plastic baubles that fused filament desktop 3D printers fabricate layer after layer, new technology is inspiring innovation in traditional textile manufacturing.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2015
Far-infrared: the science behind the magic
Far infrared (FIR) reflecting fibres and fabrics are said to provide a subtle form of warmth that affects blood flow, which in turn is believed to have cosmetic and energising properties. To win over sceptics, suppliers are now backing these promises with clinical studies.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2015
Rise to the Challenge: JRC-Reflex and Massebeuf
A new spin on retro-reflection: Two very different fields of expertise, spinning and coating, were needed to create CRY (Coated Reflective Yarn), believed to be the world’s first round – not flat – yarn with retro-reflective properties. It is the newest product to be released by JRC-Reflex and was co-developed and patented with high-tech yarn manufacturer Massebeuf.
WSA - Issue5 - Sept/Oct 2014
Universities add value
Most developments are industry-led, but research in academia also has a role to play.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2014
Engineering warmth into fabrics
The ongoing challenge to provide warmth without weight is being addressed by fabric finishes that absorb or reflect heat to keep the body warm. These thermal solutions also reduce the need for thick padding.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2014
Rise to the challenge: Kodak And Purthread
Kodak’s new moment: Fresh out of bankruptcy, the photographic specialist is developing a new future: supplying its antimicrobial expertise to Purthread to make ‘odour-free’ garments.
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2014
Rise to the challenge: Xtep and Dow Microbial Control
A fresh approach to athletic footwear: Dow partnered Chinese sportswear manufacturer Xtep to find an odour control solution that that would work for the Chinese consumer.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2014
Ask the expert: Ceramic and bioceramic products
Feeling the benefits?: In the final part of our question-and-answer series, the Hohenstein Institute’s Dr Jan Beringer shares his thoughts on ceramic and bioceramic products in fibres, coatings and membranes. Claimed advantages include improved circulation, pain relief and faster recovery from injury.
WSA - Issue6 - Nov/Dec 2013
Rise to the challenge: Patagonia and Yulex
On the crest of a wave: Patagonia has teamed up with Yulex to produce the first wetsuit made from guayule, which they say is a green alternative to neoprene – and they hope other brands will follow suit.
WSA - Issue6 - Nov/Dec 2013
The new state of DWRs
While C8 fluorocarbons are being actively phased out of durable water repellent (DWR) finishes, the race for alternatives continues unabated. No single, all-encompassing, high performance solution leads, as yet.
WSA - Issue6 - Nov/Dec 2013
Next-generation membranes
Just 3 nanometres thick and weighing a mere 5 g/m2, non-woven, electrospun membranes are setting new standards in lightweight protection.
WSA - Issue6 - Nov/Dec 2013
Brand profile: Sherpa adventure gear
Made in the mountains: Sherpa Adventure Gear makes most of its outdoor apparel in Nepal, using some of the most innovative fabrics on the market, but with traditional respect and a desire to help the communities around it underpinning its whole corporate culture.
WSA - Issue6 - Nov/Dec 2013
Ask the expert: Recycling polyester
Fibre industry must hit the bottle: Our question-and-answer series on topics of interest to technical textiles and apparel professionals continues,with recycling polyester from postconsumer- use plastic bottles as the subject this time. Answering this time is Gail Baugh, a lecturer at San Francisco State University and at the Fashion Institute of Design & Merchandising, with a specialist interest in reusing existing apparel in mass production of new products.
WSA - Issue5 - Sept/Oct 2013
Traceability, from animal to apparel
Improving traceability and transparency within the supply chain is deemed by many to be not only necessary but also inevitable. For some highly popular natural materials, such as down and wool, the trail leads back to the farm and touches on animal welfare, ushering in a new series of challenges for the textile and sports industry.
WSA - Issue5 - Sept/Oct 2013
Burning issues
Matters of fire retardancy and safety capture the headlines every time there is a disaster involving uncontrollable bush fires. They are also key requirements in military protective wear where multiple properties, including comfort, need to be incorporated in a single fabric.
WSA - Issue5 - Sept/Oct 2013
Rise to the challenge: Schoeller Textil and Klopman
Quality and innovation meet: A new fabric range from Klopman for workwear applications contains built-in technical textile functionality from Schoeller Textil.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2013
Ask the expert: Coolness in fibres and fabrics
Sweat is your friend: Our question-and-answer series on topics of interest to technical textiles and apparel professionals continues, with coolness in fibres and fabrics as the subject this time. On hand to answer our enquiries is Dr Jan Beringer, head of research and development in the department of function and care at the Hohenstein Institute for Textile Innovation in southern Germany.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2013
Bridging the gap between performance and aesthetics
From ultra-slim summer insulation and far-infrared reflecting materials to patterned trimming, new textiles pack multiple features in ever more compact formats for innovative sportswear designs.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2013
Rise to the Challenge: Abacus Sportswear
New stretch measurement for fabric: Swedish golfwear Abacus Sportswear felt there was something missing from the technical tests to which it was able to subject its clothing. So it worked with the independent Textil & Läderlaboratoriet testing facility in Stockholm to come up with a new one.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2013
Liquid assets
Italian textile group Miroglio has become the first company to test a printing system that reduces water usage fiftyfold and cuts CO2 emissions by 90%. It claims the print cycle has been “completely revolutionised”.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2013
Smart textiles pick up pace
As bio-monitoring and fitness tracking devices become a part of everyday sports equipment, wearables seem poised to become a mainstream market. For e-textile and electronic component manufacturers, this signals the need to scale up production to address a market estimated to reach $6 billion by 2016.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2013
Ask The Expert: Compression
Pressure points: Our question-and-answer series with prominent textile academics continues with Dr Marcus McDonald, from RMIT University in Victoria, Australia, answering questions about textile-based compression technology. His expertise is as a chiropractor, which he brings to bear in teaching courses such as physiological therapeutics at the university’s Bundoora West campus 20 kilometres north of Melbourne.
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2013
Rise To The Challenge: Patagonia And Polygiene
Patagonia’s silver lining: The outdoor brand is notoriously thorough when it comes to choosing partners, so for Swedish antimicrobial expert Polygiene the tie-up is a welcome seal of approval.
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2013
Impact protection expands its comfort zone
New shapes and constructions are helping impact protection materials provide greater comfort and freedom of movement, without compromising protection.
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2013
Let there be light
The eye-catching optical effects of retroreflection, fluorescence and phosphorescence are breathing new energy into active sportswear. Beyond the unmissable safety feature of high visibility, luminescence is sparking an array of innovative plays with light.
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2013
Sustainability: Oeko-Tex
Oeko-Tex to replace Standard 1000 with new certification system: The formal introduction of a new audit and certification programme called Sustainable Textile Production (STeP) will take place in Hong Kong at the end of March 2013. Oeko-Tex believes introducing an independent, transparent, global programme will help manufacturing companies in all parts of the textile supply chain become more sustainable and better at what they do.
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2013
What the visionaries see
Canadian yoga and athletic apparel brand Lululemon Athletica is preparing to expand its reach beyond North America but remains committed to investing heavily in new functionality in its jackets, tops, shorts and other products.
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2013
Standards In Sport: Wingsuit Flying
Icarus’s dream come true: A subcategory of skydiving and BASE-jumping, the fledging sport of wingsuit flying is admittedly a niche within a niche. In this spectacular sport, the pilot’s body, arms and legs— spread to open the fabric ram-air wings—becomes the aerofoil that enables flight.
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2013
Build inner strength with the talent of tomorrow
Yogawear company Lululemon lives and breathes by its core values, and by nurturing graduates and emerging designers it hopes to gain a fresh perspective on the world.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2013
Brand Profile: LIJA
Putting fashion at the forefront: Canada-based LIJA has its roots in golf apparel but has found synergies in tennis and gymwear. CEO Linda Hipp explains how fusing comfort and fashion has proved a winning game plan, as the company takes a shot at the wider sportswear markets.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2013
Compression wear targets new functions
With the development of cold-climate endurance sports such as sky-running and ski-touring, high-tech compression and first layer apparel brands are introducing new features - knitted, woven or bonded - to their garments.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2013
Outdoor brands respond to PFC criticism
An article in WSA November-December 2012 showed that textile manufacturers and their chemical suppliers have been working hard to find alternatives to C8 technology for making outdoor clothing and footwear water- and oil-repellent. These developments appear to have arrived too late to satisfy campaign group Greenpeace, which turned its attention to the subject at the end of last year and called for a ban on all polyfluorinated chemicals (PFCs) in outdoor garments. Outdoor brands have now given their response.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2013
Move to reposition the Modal brand
Boosted by the results of an academic study that presents Modal as having a low environmental impact, manufacturer Lenzing has decided to market the fibre in a new way, emphasising its environmental efficiency as well as its softness.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2013
Innovation rules at TITAS show
High-paced innovation in both performance features and environmental issues is how Taiwan’s textile industry strives to stay ahead of the competition.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2013
Ask the expert: better colour
Dr Rita Kant, associate professor at the University Insiture of Fashion Technology at Panjab University in Chandigarth, India, answers questions on the subject of improvements in the dyeing process.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2013
The age of plasma
Despite promising potential in terms of performance and reduced use of water and chemicals, the textile industry appears reluctant to shift from traditional wet finishes to plasma processing.
WSA - Issue6 - Nov/Dec 2012
Sustainability: Water-repellency
Repellency options reach the market: With only two years to go now before the 2015 deadline for eliminating PFOA from the supply chain, manufacturers are making progress in offering alternatives. Demand among brands and retailers for PFOA-free options is already strong.
WSA - Issue6 - Nov/Dec 2012
The many facets of soft shells
Soft shells first appeared in the late 1990s and were initially promoted as a new, multifunctional single-layer garment merging the thermal and outer shell of protective apparel. Since then, the concept has evolved into a vast and versatile family of fabrics and garments that defies categorisation.
WSA - Issue5 - Sept/Oct 2012
Rise to the challenge: Rab and eVent
New fabrics make year-round rainwear a reality: High-end outdoor apparel brand Rab is one of the first to use a new waterproof fabric from eVent called DVL, offering high levels of weather protection in a lighter weight than tried-andtested three-layer constructions.
WSA - Issue5 - Sept/Oct 2012
Waxing lyrical for an outdoor classic
The iconic weatherproof cotton fabric retains a cult following while it seeks to appeal to new fashion and sportswear users.
WSA - Issue5 - Sept/Oct 2012
Sustainability: Adidas’s better place
Upping the Games: Adidas used its sponsorship of the London 2012 not just for commercial purposes, but also to maximise sustainability and promote its sustainable product platform, Better Place.
WSA - Issue5 - Sept/Oct 2012
Ask the expert: Membrane structures
A question of comfort: Our series asking industry experts questions on key textile and apparel issues continues with Dr Phillip Gibson, materials research engineer at the Natick research, development and engineering centre.
WSA - Issue5 - Sept/Oct 2012
Rise to the challenge: Aitex and Tex-Petrel
Bamboo lining for sweet-smelling shoes: Textile technology institute Aitex and footwear component manufacturer Tex-Petrel, both from the footwear-manufacturing province of Alicante in Spain, have combined to produce a new shoe-lining material, Gootex. Based on bamboo fibre, the new product offers high levels of antimicrobial properties, plus a range of other benefits.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2012
Catalyst for cleaner air
A professor promotes apparel that can purify the air we breathe.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2012
Rise to the challenge: Outdry and Sixton
A new protective Sixton boot for workers exposed to extreme conditions combines waterproof breathable membrane technology from OutDry with a popular choice of lining, wool.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2012
Standards in sport: Competition ski suits
Safety versus speed: With strict guidelines set down by the International Ski Federation for the race suits worn by skiers in international competitions, textile and garment manufacturers tread a fine line between safety and speed to comply with the norms while addressing athletes’ insatiable yearning for performance-enhancing materials.
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2012
Rise to the challenge: Clariant/Cotton Incorporated
New finish brings non-iron cotton clothes closer: This series of features examines the work that companies all along the textile supply chain carry out in partnership with one another. In this issue, we look closely at the joint efforts of specialty chemicals manufacturer Clariant and cotton innovation specialist Cotton Incorporated to make cotton apparel easier to care for.
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2012
Why we can’t take weight off our minds
Garment manufacturers and brands continue to shout about their achievements in making fabrics, components and finished products lighter. Product weight is now a mega-trend in the industry.
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2012
Fresh solutions in the quest for coolness
Keeping athletes cool in the course of exercise or competition is the goal of a series of new developments in fibres, finishing and fabrics.
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2012
Form versus function
‘Lifestyle’ clothing has become the next big category across the board in apparel. Combining functionality with fashion, sportswear characteristics such as breathability are infiltrating high-end fashion, forcing brands to reassess the balance between function and form.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2012
Brand profile: Joma Sport
From humble beginnings to the top ten: A company founded in rural Spain in 1967 is now among the top ten global sports brands, with a growing presence in Europe, Asia and the Americas and an expanding list of elite athletes championing its products.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2012
Design and technology: the evolution of thermal insulation
New developments in outerwear, from body-mapped insulation to wool-look downproof fabrics, and in natural down as well as synthetic fillers, are exploring many possible incarnations for next winter’s puff jackets.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2012
Rise to the challenge: Aquafil and TCX
Riders stay comfortable under pressure: 2012 continues the series examining the work that ingredient brands carry out in partnership with clothing brands to make better clothing and footwear products for sports and outdoor activity. In this issue, we look closely at the joint efforts of Aquafil and TCX to put polypropylene microfibre Dryarn into technical underwear for motorcycle enthusiasts.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2012
Ask the expert: Repellency and waterproofing
Rain dance: Our expert for each subject will come from an academic rather than commercial background. In this first issue of the year, Dr Peter Hauser of the Textile Engineering, Chemistry & Science Department at North Carolina State University answers questions about repellency and waterproofing.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2012
Encapsulating the future
From moisturising and slimming to healing, performance textiles are experimenting with new ingredients and techniques, opening the way to an emerging family of therapeutic textiles.
WSA - Issue6 - Nov/Dec 2011
The concept of comfort
Representatives of Patagonia and The Hohenstein Institute spoke on the subject of comfort during a seminar organised by Concept III at Outdoor Retailer Summer Market 2011.
WSA - Issue6 - Nov/Dec 2011
Life-saving inks
Textile innovator Lauren Bowker is developing an ink that, when printed on clothing, will change colour when the wearer is about to have an asthma attack or strain a muscle.
WSA - Issue6 - Nov/Dec 2011
Predictions for 2012 and beyond
An experienced commentator on the performance textiles sector and applications in sports and outdoor apparel has spoken about a series of issues that he believes will prove important for companies in the industry in the year ahead.
WSA - Issue6 - Nov/Dec 2011
Columbia sets its sights on Gore
A storm that has been brewing for years between rival providers of waterproof membrane technology for shoes recently reached new levels of intensity.
WSA - Issue5 - Sept/Oct 2011
Ask the expert: Moisture management
No sweat: The textile industry has been addressing moisture management issues for some time, but the flow of new ideas and applications still threw up an interesting series of questions for our expert this time, Mark Hartmann.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2011
Move away from PFOA continues
A new PFOA-free (perfluorooctanoic acid) water-repellency product from Nano-Tex is attracting the attention of outdoor clothing brands. The first garments using the new technology will reach the market in spring 2012.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2011
Rise to the Challenge: Sympatex/Bench
Bench heads for the mountains: UK-based clothing brand Bench has ventured into the sports apparel market, launching its first high performance range for autumn-winter 2011/12.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2011
Mapping the future
Sports clothes being made from more than a single type of textile material may not be new but research into body mapping technology is revealing new possibilities for achieving maximum performance and comfort.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2011
Interest in Far Infrared Rays heats up
Schoeller Textil is the latest company to apply Far Infrared Ray technology to textiles and to present to the market arguments suggesting its new solutions can enhance sports performance.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2011
Touch friendly
In recent years, ‘skin-friendliness’ in textiles has gone from being an aid in relieving allergies to a coveted attribute in the apparel industry. Every aspect of fabric has been examined in this subject; from the potential harmfulness of antibacterial treatments, to pH-controlling properties.
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2011
Textile technicolour
In the fast-paced textile industry where time and financial pressures abound, colour management is an increasingly important operation. But is electronic colour management the future for textiles?
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2011
Swinging in the rain
When rain halted play at the 2010 Ryder Cup and the US team’s kit leaked, they turned to the European team’s supplier of apparel, ProQuip, whose clothes kept everyone dry.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2011
Ask the Expert: Mike Sweet, Polygiene
In this new feature series, Ask The Expert, we will aim to answer readers’ questions on a list of hot topics in the world of textile innovation for sports and outdoor applications. The six subjects Ask The Expert will cover in the course of 2011 are: antimicrobial properties in textiles; seamless technology; compression garments; developments in moisture management; combining comfort and performance and, finally, new fibres and fabrics.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2011
The ‘Wellness’ stamp of approval
A sports apparel manufacturer in Germany was recently awarded a new label which was developed to evaluate the comfort of clothes and the ease with which they can be looked after
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2011
The next level of all-conditions comfort
After the launch of its Power Shield Pro waterproof breathable fabric last year, Polartec has stepped up the technology to produce NeoShell, offering higher levels of protection against the elements and greater air permeability.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2011
rPET now and tomorrow
Of the consumer goods currently being made out of post-consumer recyclables, polyester is putting in a stellar performance.
WSA - Issue6 - Nov/Dec 2010
Ideas to help manufacturers use less water
The textile industry is making a positive contribution to the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) through creating jobs that help eradicate poverty in the developing world and empower women, but it also has to start addressing questions connected to the MDG targets of managing the world’s water resources better. This article highlights recent developments that can make important contributions to this effort.
WSA - Issue6 - Nov/Dec 2010
Greener cellulosic fibres
A team of researchers from Finland claims to have come up with a greener alternative to Lyocell because it uses enzymes rather than “harsh chemical processes” to produce cellulosic fibres.
WSA - Issue6 - Nov/Dec 2010
“Wolde you bothe eate your cake, and have your cake?"
Linen, or flax, is considered to be the oldest fibre in the world (dyed flax fibres have been found dating back some 36,000 years); then followed cotton (some 8,000 years ago), and linen was reserved for the elite circles in ancient societies. Sometime later came silk. Of all these three natural yarns, it was cotton which became king.
WSA - Issue5 - Sept/Oct 2010
New possibilities in biomimetics
A Portuguese academic believes nature still has a lot to teach the textile industry and suggests some potential new areas of investigation for companies interested in biomimetics.
WSA - Issue5 - Sept/Oct 2010
Performance textiles are fit for work
An array of new applications in specialist workwear projects is proof that performance textiles are more in demand than ever in industrial environments.
WSA - Issue5 - Sept/Oct 2010
Acquisition trail
Demand for new technology and access to new markets has sparked a number of acquisitions in recent weeks.
WSA - Issue5 - Sept/Oct 2010
Safer fun in the sun
Many sports textile firms are building sun protection capabilities into fabric so that protection becomes part of people’s daily routine. That way, simply by putting on your clothes you’ve taken the first step towards protecting your skin from ageing and serious health risks.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2010
New lab could lead to a new label
The school of fashion and textiles at the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology is aiming to use a newly opened laboratory to help develop Australia’s own eco-label for clothing.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2010
Vested interests
A company based in Cyprus is using textiles to help athletes benefit from far infrared radiation (FIR). In tests so far and on the field of play, the results have been impressive enough to win admirers among elite footballers, cyclists and a Formula 1 team.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2010
S-Index to atone for past sins
Sports brand Puma detailed a new part of its sustainability strategy in April with an event at the Design Museum in London to unveil a concept called The Clever Little Bag.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2010
The sustainability agenda widens
Clothing made from bamboo fibre (mechanically processed bamboo, not viscose made from bamboo plants) does exist and does work, contrary to what you might have thought in the wake of the false claims of some apparel brands. It’s another example of how far the sustainability debate in the clothing and textiles supply chain has been stretched.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2010
The battle against bugs
According to Nina Bicknese, a natural history biologist at the Missouri Department of Conservation, "The worst thing about the Missouri summer isn't sunburn, heat or humidity-it's chiggers." While chiggers might not be familiar to many, such bugs and many others can cause irritaion and much worse. Similar problems in the north of the US appear to have prompted a specialist children’s apparel brand, Soy Genius, based near Seattle, to team up with textile finishing technology provider Insect Shield to launch a new collection called Buggies.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2010
Running on clouds
Swiss company On has come up with a footwear technology that absorbs both vertical and horizontal forces on the foot while running. On was the overall winner of this year’s ispo BrandNew Awards presented by Advansa ThermoºCool at the most recent edition of the sporting goods event exhibition in Munich in early February.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2010
Two heads are better than one
Austria-based cellulose fibres producer Lenzing and Swiss developer of natural and sustainable fibres and additives Litrax recently launched a combination of their products after more than two years of talks and tests. Lenzing’s contribution is its wood pulp-based cellulose fibre Tencel, while its partner has contributed Litrax-1 natural bamboo stem fibres (different from bambooderived viscose) to the blend. However, the development process presented several challenges that took cooperation and persistence from both companies to iron out.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2010
These feet were made for walking
Why sports and outdoor footwear brands are going back to nature. The popularity of products such as the Reebok EasyTone, Nike Free and Vibram FiveFingers is challenging the idea that running shoes need to have high levels of cushioning.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2010
Omni-Heat: the new hot topic at Columbia
Snow might have been in short supply in Vancouver at the start of the XXI Winter Olympic Games, but new technology from Portland, Oregon, might still have been welcomed by the spectators.
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2010
Advances worthy of Olympians
A look at some new textile and fibre ideas that made their way into athletes’ clothing at the XXI Winter Olympic Games in Vancouver.
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2010
Focus On Winners: Ulrike Schwalbe
Fast changes are essential: Our series giving the views of elite athletes on the clothing and equipment they wear continues with Ulrike Schwalbe, high-profile duathlon, triathlon and Ironman champion from Germany.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2010
Research institutes: Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Hong Kong comes up with the money: Thanks to generous funding from the Hong Kong government, the Institute of Textiles and Clothing at the special administrative region’s Polytechnic University has been able to embrace a whole series of cutting-edge projects with a firm focus on sports.
WSA - Issue6 - Nov/Dec 2009
Performance properties for Prêt-á-Porter
WSA - Issue6 - Nov/Dec 2009
Brand profile: Wallaroo
Colours encourage the young to cover up: Colorado-based hat brand Wallaroo has added colour to its range of UPF 50+ activewear hats. Founder Stephanie Carter believes this will be one way to get the sun protection message into the heads of image-conscious young women who love the outdoors.
WSA - Issue6 - Nov/Dec 2009
The lighter the better
Demand for lightweight fabrics is growing rapidly, both within the sport and outdoor industries. The challenge for manufacturers is to produce lighter and lighter fabrics and finished goods without sacrificing the performance benefits to which people have become accustomed. Properties such as breathability and durability must always be available, even in the lightest of fabrics.
WSA - Issue6 - Nov/Dec 2009
Making products last longer
Sustainability has been a buzzword in the sport and outdoor industry for many years now. Companies are continually looking for new ways to reduce the impact they have on the environment and thinking up ways to “outgreen” each other. This covers a whole range of practices, such as changing the materials they use in their collections, and reducing energy and water consumption.
WSA - Issue5 - Sept/Oct 2009
Stretch fabrics: the game changes
Fibre manufacturer Invista launched a new concept, Lycra Sport, at the Outdoor Retailer Summer Market in Salt Lake City in July. It expects consumers’ expectations of stretch garments to change as a result.
WSA - Issue5 - Sept/Oct 2009
Research institutes: Hohenstein Institute
View from the castle
WSA - Issue5 - Sept/Oct 2009
Taking technical textiles into kids’ wear
We’ve become accustomed to the use of technical textiles in sports- and protective-wear…but clothing collections for toddlers would appear to be another matter entirely. There is, after all, tradition. However, one mother saw things in a different light.
WSA - Issue5 - Sept/Oct 2009
Goodbye to bad bacteria
At a recent IFAI Advanced Textiles conference in Brussels, Gerhard Havranek, head of marketing Trevira CS and strategic business development, Trevira GmbH, gave a detailed and interesting presentation on bioactive fibres for antimicrobial textiles. Since 2004, Trevira has been part of the Indian Reliance Group, the world’s largest manufacturer of polyester preliminary products and fibres. Mr Havranek explains that Trevira is a small division focused on specialties, including bioactive fibres for antimicrobial textiles.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2009
BBC to present technical textiles to new generation
A new series for schools called The Design World includes a specially made programme that looks at how textile innovations often make an impact in the sports and outdoor arena first before pushing into the ready-to-wear market.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2009
Portuguese breakthrough in football shirts
A research project at Minho University in northern Portugal has led local sports brand Lacatoni to apply the findings to the football shirts it supplies to seven of the country’s top football teams.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2009
Food for thought
Fibre and fabric manufacturers, under pressure like every industry to rely less on petrochemicals, are becoming more and more creative in sourcing new raw materials. In the course of 2009, there has been a series of announcements highlighting new textile materials derived from different kinds of food.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2009
Market responds to fluorocarbon-free coatings
High-tech functional systems provider to the clothing industry Sympatex and its specialist partner Rudolf Chemie are convinced that their combined idea of offering greener waterrepellent coatings for outdoor clothes is starting to make an impression on the market.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2009
Research Institutes: Sports Science Institute, University of Cape Town
There is a growing tradition of footwear and clothing manufacturers working with scientific and technical institutes to help them create better products for active sportswear and protective wear. One such organisation that really understands the medical and physiological demands is found in Cape Town.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2009
Sportswear sector is hotting up
A number of interesting textile innovations were presented and discussed at the recent IFAI Advanced Textiles 09 conference, which took place from in early April in Brussels. One particularly poignant presentation was given by Lieven Tack, market manager electro conductive textiles at Bekintex NV, which covered heatable textiles for clothing and industrial applications.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2009
Green for go – new polymers make their mark
Biophyl has begun to make an impact on the clothing market. German underwear manufacturer Bruno Banani has become one of the first apparel manufacturers to use Biophyl by putting it into a collection called Jump&Run.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2009
The laces that never come undone
Most people learn to tie their laces at an early age and give the process very little thought from then on. However, though seemingly unimportant, the way laces are tied could dictate whether an athlete wins or loses a race, or whether a person gets injured or not. As a result, several companies have worked to develop laces that are easier to tie and do not come undone so frequently. Xtenex and Greepers are two firms that claim to have come up with more effective lacing systems.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2009
Brands need to shape up on fit
The president of a company specialising in the issues surrounding the fit of apparel says most global brands today are working with a fit model that fails to match the shape of twenty-first century consumers.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2009
Research Institutes: Kansas State University
There’s no place like IER. To many people, Kansas is known for the infamous tornado that whisked away Dorothy and her little dog Toto in the 1930’s film The Wizard of Oz. If only that tornado had torn through a few decades later, Dorothy may have been more adequately outfitted for her windy trip. Kansas, you see, is now home to the United States’ top facility for research on the thermal comfort properties of fabrics, clothing, and sleeping bag systems: the Institute for Environmental Research (IER) at Kansas State University (KSU).
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2009
Bright future for nanotechnology in textiles
Scottish nanotechnology portal Nanoposts has issued a new report on the impact the technology is making on the textile industry. Nanoposts expects that 24.6% of all textile products available in 2015 will incorporate some form of nanotechnology and that the market by then will be worth almost $3 billion.
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2009
Natural selection
Since the 1960s, synthetic fibres have caused natural fibres to lose a lot of their market share. While synthetic fibres certainly offer new and different attributes for the textile sector, the United Nations General Assembly and its Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has deemed 2009 the International Year of Natural Fibres in a bid to raise awareness and stimulate demand for natural fibres.
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2009
Health–a whole new category for clothing
Retailers and brands continue to demand innovation from their fabric and garment suppliers, and clothing that addresses current health concerns stands a good chance of winning approval.
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2009
Research Institutes: University of Leeds
Ideas and action. In this brand new section, we look at the most interesting people, ideas and inventions to have to come from academic institutions around the world that devote themselves to performance textiles, starting with the Centre for Technical Textiles at the University of Leeds.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2009
Linen back in the line-up
As the popularity of sustainable apparel increases—especially in the outdoor sector—demand for high-quality, locally sourced linen fabrics, spun from locally grown flax is on the increase in Europe. Recent technical developments to enhance linen’s natural appeal may help it make even more of an impression on the textile market in the near future.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2009
Kraig spins a widening web with spider silk
For many people spiders are one of the most terrifying creatures on the planet. Nevertheless, they certainly seem to have their uses. They kill irritating flies and in some countries are considered a delicacy at the dinner table. Venom from certain types of spider can even be used as less harmful alternatives to pesticides. However, arguably their best attribute is their ability to spin ultra strong webs, which have many functions including catching prey, protecting their offspring and suspending themselves in mid air. This technology is now being translated for, and used in, the growing technical textiles sector.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2009
All-in-one workout and health checks prove popular
Healthy eating and regular exercise have long been considered key factors in maintaining an active lifestyle. And garment manufacturers have been giving the health-conscious an extra helping hand by creating apparel that not only enhances comfort during exercise, but that can actually monitor the body's response to different activities as the wearer keeps fit.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2008
Support where it’s needed
Companies making specialist support apparel claim that too many people are still trying to treat muscle injuries with the remedies of 30 years ago. This article takes a look at newer methods.
WSA - Issue6 - Nov/Dec 2007
Comfort for the sweating foot
Heavy sweating or perspiring is an unavoidable consequence of strenuous physical activity and an essential physiological reaction. Mike Wilson from UK technology centre SATRA explains how footwear has become an important factor in how efficiently temperature regulation occurs.
WSA - Issue6 - Nov/Dec 2007
Micro encapsulation: it makes scents
Micro capsule manufacturer Celessence International – a subsidiary of New York-based International Flavours and Fragrances – has been working in partnership with man-made fibres, resins and intermediates manufacturer Invista, among other companies, to produce garments with odour-combating qualities using natural ingredients. Whether technology is incorporated in fresh smelling socks, relaxing yoga wear or energising sports apparel, aroma-producing textiles are becoming a real hit with active customers.
WSA - Issue6 - Nov/Dec 2007
Biomimetics – alpacas go surfing
A combination of polyester and an unusual natural fibre has allowed surfwear brand Finisterre to base a new lining system for its weatherproof jackets on biomimetics.
WSA - Issue6 - Nov/Dec 2007
Clever ideas beyond cotton
With many observers predicting constraints in the supply of cotton next year, we ask a group of prominent yarn producers for their reaction.
WSA - Issue6 - Nov/Dec 2007
Waterproof, breathable footwear for all
P2i does not claim to have invented liquid repellency for footwear, but it does believe its ion-mask process can make liquid repellency available to more brands and more consumers.
WSA - Issue5 - Sept/Oct 2007
Why real nanotechnology is all about control
Confusion often reigns when marketing executives try to ‘reinterpret’ information from the scientific community. Baxenden Chemicals business development manager, Dr Rob Lomax, has a foot in both camps and fears that nanotechnology is one of the latest ideas to suffer this fate.
WSA - Issue5 - Sept/Oct 2007
Performance fabrics step into the light
We know that weight weighs on the minds of fabric manufacturers. It’s a subject that appears to be of great importance as these companies decide on their research and development priorities. They want to make their materials lighter so that the brands and finished goods manufacturers they sell to can add the tag ‘lightweight’ to their marketing literature.
WSA - Issue5 - Sept/Oct 2007
Weighing up heavy metal standards
As evermore stringent regulations relating to the protection of the environment and consumers have been implemented, manufacturers and research centres have worked together t put relevant test methods and standards in place.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2007
Silver lining loses its shine
Silver has long been touted as a natural antidote to odour, but doubts have begun to emerge about the long-term effects the metal could have on the human skin and on the environment.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2007
When black becomes cool fashion
textile engineering has taken a new turn. Innovators are paying more attention to the invisible, and some visible, parts of the spectrum to generate some surprising results.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2007
Brands ignore special qualities of stretch garments
Size matters and big brands in the sports and activewear sector need to take the matter of stretch more seriously. Dr Penelope Watkins explains why.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2007
Auxetics expand their horizons
It is 20 years since the first synthetic auxetic polymer foam was developed but many people remain unaware of the word, let alone the unique properties that auxetic materials possess which could benefit the performance textiles sector.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2007
"If he hits a home-run I'll eat my hat!"
Conserving the environment and 'going green' has become a fascination for the masses, from eating organic food through buying fair trade products to wearing eco-friendly apparel. This has 'naturally' had an impact on the textile industry as manufacturers strive to combine performance and the Earth's preservation.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2007
Only natural for cellulose and linen to score skin-friendly success
Fabric and finished garments that are kind to the wearer's skin are of growing importance in our health-conscious world, and the implications for sports and activewear are obvious.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2007
Spring has sprung
Although shoes with springs appeared in a magazine article as far back as 1939, the latest 'spring' formations entering the marketplace are certainly making their mark.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2007
Design moves into the next dimension
Any product that can speed up this process and improve collaboration between the different stages of design and production can only be positive and 3D prototyping could be just the answer many are seeking... more should embrace it.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2007
Making a big splash
To the ininitiated water exercise may mean nothing more than bouncing around to pop music in a swimming pool. What they may not realise is that the sport has developed into a scientifically-proven activity that is now just as popular with elite athletes as it is with peole looking to lose a few kilos.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2007
An exercise in (UV) protection
The first glimpse of the sun has us taking to the outdoors in droves but, whilst we may look after our hearts, too few of us take the necessary precautions to protect our largest organ... the skin. This situation will not improve until UV labelling in garments becomes mandatory.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2007
Rapid prototyping - shaping the future
To examine the potential uses and opportunities for the further integration of rapid prototyping in the production of footwear, a team of experts at the French leather and footwear research centre CTC identifies the products available and new developments in this field.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2007
Cosy feet and a warm winter at ispo
Despite all of the talk of global warming and the lack of snow this winter, there was plenty of exciting new winter gear at ispo in February.
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2007
Showtime: Winter wonderland
Buyers visiting this winter's trade fairs must have felt like children in a candy store as they were treated to a feast of new products and developments across the spectrum of yarns and fibres, laminates, apparel, footwear and protective gear.
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2007
Wool turns greener
The trend towards sustainability and eco-friendly products is here to stay and this has led to a resurgence in the use of natural fibres, with wool leading the way. But, it appears there is room for even the most natural of fibres to turn greener.
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2007
A new twist on wool
Whilst wool may be a natural choice thanks to its inherent performance properties, it has not always received good press due to the dreaded 'itch' that was associated with woollen garments for so long. That has now all changed thanks to numerous innovative developments using soft Merino from Australia and New Zealand.
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2007
Q-Angle - brought to market
Tha latest innovative entry into the footwear market caters strictly for women. Q-Angle is not an innovation in itself but a biomechanical correction for an exaggerated natural motion, but the benefits offered to women by the products designed to deal with this problem could well be far-reaching.
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2007
Textile developers itching to alleviate sensitive skin
With a growing number of people suffering with skin diseases, certain manufacturers are looking at ways of alleviating the itch.
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2007
A firm focus on R&D
The ongoing transformation of the textile-apparel supply chain places a keen importance on technology, innovation and R&D. Here we take a look at Burlington Labs approach.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2007
Five years on and PTT starts to make its mark
There are a limited number of polymers from which man-made fibres are currently produced. Polyester, polypropylene and polyamide are the three most widely used in the world, but PTT is now beginning to make its mark.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2007
- and the winner is...
Ispo's BrandNew award is justifiably billed as the 'world's largest start up competition', and recognises innovation that improves and enhances the outdoor experience.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2007
Competition heats up in the fleece market
Analysts of the US fleece market are reporting increased levels of activity and a shift in the market share within the sector. This had led to increased competition within the industry and has resulted in some interesting new products.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2007
No flapdoodle about this hybrid
Politics is always an area for different flapdoodling opinions but the need for special application performance textiles and clothing is not when you add the 'Iraq factor'.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2007
Forefoot technologies come to the fore
One of the most interesting 'trends' in both casual and athletic shoes of late has been the emergence of brands promoting the benefits to the wearer of 'forefoot technology'. We explain the science and consider who is doing what.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2007
Polypropylene fabrics for sport
Earlier this year we looked at the renewed interest in activewear using polypropylene and its technology and properties. In this article we consider why polypropylene (polyolefin) fabrics might be chosen for sportswear garments and equipment in preference to other more traditional synthetic fibres such as polyamide and polyester.
WSA - Issue6 - Nov/Dec 2006
Wearable technologies
“Wearable electronics”, “smart textiles” and “intelligent textiles” are still buzzwords which beg the question: hype or trend? Andreas Roepert from Interactive Wear AG, looks at the electronic devices that permeate more and more areas of our life and are becoming smaller but, at the same time, more complicated.
WSA - Issue6 - Nov/Dec 2006
Innovation for extremes
The fourth Innovation for Extremes conference was held at Lancaster University in the UK in September. The UK Outdoor Industry is a relatively small, close-knit group, with a reputation for being good with new ideas, albeit not always getting those ideas successfully onto the world stage. The conference highlighted the fact that we are on the edge of very interesting technical times with new themes and technology running through.
WSA - Issue6 - Nov/Dec 2006
All work and no play
There’s a lot of work going into workwear and uniform fabrics these days. Just like the men and women who must wear these garments day in and day out, fabrics must perform consistently and do a lot of tough jobs, often under extreme conditions.
WSA - Issue6 - Nov/Dec 2006
The Iraq factor in textile technology
Warfare is often a testing ground for new technology as R&D experts continually seek solutions for new battlefield situations. The war in Iraq is no exception, especially when it comes to the apparel worn by the military. More than three years on, the Iraq conflict is providing fabric and apparel specialists with a long list of dilemmas and problems to solve and some of these technologies are now active in the consumer field as well as on the battle field.
WSA - Issue6 - Nov/Dec 2006
Kicking up a stink
Talk to any cyclist, runner, walker, climber, football player, or cross-country skier about the smell of his or her thermals and you will always hear the response, “It can be awful.” If you went into more detail, you’d most likely hear that some athletes consider certain brands to be ‘smellier’, while others seem to be more ‘socially acceptable’. In the last issue of WSA, we looked at different substances that are used to prevent, mask, or absorb unpleasant odours in performance fabrics. Yet where do these smells come from? How do we sense them? And how can they be measured?
WSA - Issue5 - Sept/Oct 2006
The no-sew revolution
There is a quiet revolution rapidly gathering pace in the apparel manufacturing industry, and it would appear that 2006 could well be the tipping point in many areas as these new technologies mature and find their place in activewear.
WSA - Issue5 - Sept/Oct 2006
What’s in a stitch?
Besides the raw material and count, it is a sewing thread’s construction that determines its properties. Sewing threads are yarn twists that consist of at least one and, usually, two or more yarns. The properties are specified by: construction, twist, ply and cord. While a yarn’s construction defines the individual thread type, twist, ply and cord define the general construction parameters of all threads.
WSA - Issue5 - Sept/Oct 2006
Cotton keeps growing... and improving
Cotton has been fighting polyester for fibre leadership for half a century. Perhaps the future lies in a merger.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2006
Antibacterial compounds in clothing articles
Textile producers get the chemistry set out when creating clothing to deal with sweat and odour. This article looks at some of the options in current use and whether more should be done to keep retailers informed.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2006
Bodymapping develops inside and out
New technologies give product developers the opportunity to build garments with variable geography. Having started with base layers this concept has now reached performance outerwear.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2006
Biomimetics - the highest form of flattery
In a world of synthetics the next step looks back to nature. From burdock hooks to lotus leaves we have a vision of the future.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2006
Fast fashion needs fast colours
Colour has always been important. Consumers expect strong and intense colours, but also the highest levels of fastness, which is not always easy to achieve.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2006
What are clothes for
Clothes help us to survive in all weathers but also to undertake energetic and often dangerous activities. The chemical and physical interaction of clothing with the skin is a significant element in the'joint venture' that we cannot afford to overlook.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2006
Supreme sock takes to the hills
Veteran runner Dr. Ron Hill has helped develop a high-tech multi-component sock which was introduced at this year's London Marathon.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2006
Interesting innovations in the USA
New technologies in the field of performance and protective apparel are in steady movement through the pipeline and some of these industry changing technologies were on show at the recent Techtextil North America.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2006
Protecting those armpits
Active people will no longer accept apparel that smells bad and the demand for clothing equipped with antibacterial effects continues to grow. Manufacturers have launched a fresh attack on the microbes that cause odour.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2006
A well-rounded ball
The days when soccer balls were made of leather are long gone and synthetics are now the materials of choice. Adidas has come up with a pioneering breakthrough for the official World Cup 2006 ball.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2006
Pushing for progress in polypropylene
One word that is on many developers' lips these days is polypropylene. Underrated by many for a long time, companies are noe developing interesting innovations with this hydrophobic fibre.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2006
Staying upright on the mountains
Measuring grip has always been a problem for manufacturers, but research centre CTC has now developed a new slippage test.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2006
Covering all the bases (and layers) for summer
The sports apparel business is being turned inside out, or outside in, depending on your perspective as brands known for outer layers move into base layer apparel and vece versa. Christian Eschler has focused on a three-layer system for its new collection for summer 2007.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2006
Stamina specialists and curious amateurs
In a boom time for extreme sports, triathlon has itself become commercial and is now considered as a modern and innovative sport. Malin Auras reports on how a whole industry has developed around it, producing high-tech equipment from bikes to shoes and apparel.
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2006
Striking the right balance
The World Cup is a truly global affair and there is a huge multi-billion marketing opportunity for soccer brands. Because the market for replica kits is enormous, the big brands are gambling on backing the winning team, and this has led to some truly innovative products appearing on the market in the run up to the competition, no where less than in the lucrative field of soccer boots.
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2006
Steam engines in orange
Red stands for danger, green stands for eco-friendly, and one company would like to see orange represent breathability. Orange is the design colour of eVent's waterproof breathable membrane that is giving the established names a run for their money.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2006
Thinning out the field in breathability
Breathable membranes are nothing new and there are numerous multiple membrane products on the market. In the past there was little choice in terms of the product itself, however, a new product, Omniflex Transport-brand films, now offer manufacturers an alternative to multiple-layered membranes.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2006
Amphibious landing
There are many types of 'waterproof' footwear on the market designed to keep water out and a dry and comfortable environment within, but in certain activities it is nigh on impossible to keep water out. Some manufacturers have realised this and have shifted their focus to concentrate on removing the water as quickly as possible.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2006
Healus, running with a bounce
As a physiotherapist and an accomplished marathon runner, Adri Hartveld was only too aware of the injuries runners can incur. Realising that shoes can influence the way people run, he has developed a heel-less running shoe that is said to reduce impact forces by approximately 50%.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2006
Breathing comfortably and staying dry
The outdoor industry owes a huge amount to the development of waterproof breathable membranes. Yet, in an industry preoccupied with features and benefits, the feature of breathability cannot always be guaranteed as a real onsumer benefit because it is difficult to find a test that truly simulates real life.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2006
Changing the concept of changing clothes
Consumers' demands when it comes to apparel are changing. Rather than changing their outfits for different climates, they now expect the clothes themselves to alter in order to keep them comfortable and safe.
WSA - Issue6 - Nov/Dec 2005
Backpacking tents - an Overview
Backpacking tents are designed for those seeking a more real experience offering them the opportunity to travel spontaneously and at low cost. Therefore, although it is not a huge market, products must be able to withstand the elements off the beaten track. Founder of lightweight tent brand, lightwave, Carol McDermott offers his expert opinion on what's available.
WSA - Issue6 - Nov/Dec 2005
Taking functionality to the extreme
Whilst for many people 'travelling' conjures up the idea of packing a bikini and heading off to a warm beach, for certain travellers, who journey to the remotest parts of the world, their clothing can literally mean the difference between life and death.
WSA - Issue6 - Nov/Dec 2005
Army enters the long-distance trainer wars
The armies of the world are flexing their muscles by wearing not only combat boots but also fitness training shoes and some, such as the British Army, have even gone so far as to assist in the design and development of trainers to meet the needs of their soldiers and the approval of NATO.
WSA - Issue6 - Nov/Dec 2005
Stretching the industry's imagination
Everyone is aware of the problems facing the textile industry in the new, global economy, but while many spend their time complaining, Invista has taken a different standpoint with its Lycra Challenge.
WSA - Issue6 - Nov/Dec 2005
The changing face of the business meeting
The needs of the traveller are not easily classified nowadays. Modern travellers now see business as part of a combined schedule with leisure and sport and therefore demand more performance from their more formal apparel as well as their activewear.
WSA - Issue6 - Nov/Dec 2005
Seams - some time ago
Just as those involved in technical apparel once looked to sleeping bags for new ideas for coping with moisture, it appears that it is now the turn of product managers in the sleeping bag industry to turn to developments in apparel for inspiration. The result is the development of seamless and stitchless production to improve performance.
WSA - Issue6 - Nov/Dec 2005
Sports shoes for summer 2006
Comfort, light weight and increasing breathability are the key words for technical sports shoes for summer 2006. Covering the latest technologies, this feature looks at what's on offer for all climates for the next summer season.
WSA - Issue5 - Sept/Oct 2005
Computer convergence, communications and production automation
Advances continue to be made in technology and intelligent textiles where convergence will take on a greater role with built-in soft switch technology and where intelligent gadgetry is combined with clothing such as an ordinary ski glove.
WSA - Issue5 - Sept/Oct 2005
Getting switched on to wearable electronics
There is a whole new generation of apparel and accessories appearing on the marketknown as wearable electronics. Developments are moving fast and a number of companies have succeeded in producing reliable merchandise merchandise to ulfil market demand.
WSA - Issue5 - Sept/Oct 2005
All about fit
Cycling used to be so easy. Get on the bike and pedal! Then matters became complicated as fit systems appeared. Frame size, specific wheelbase, fine tune-bar and saddle positions. Now a good retailer will check the size of your inner palm and the length of your fingers prior to letting you take a ride.
WSA - Issue5 - Sept/Oct 2005
Spinning a new yarn
Although the innovative is used all too frequently in the textile industry, there are some truly innovative products on the scene in terms of yarns. This feature looks at some truly 'new' yarns that have recently been developed by the big names such as DuPont,Unifi and Teijin.
WSA - Issue5 - Sept/Oct 2005
The Church of football makes a comeback
The old Wembley stadium, now demolished, was always considered the home of football. A new stadium is rising in its place which will become a focus for the 2012 Olympics in London. Apart from the actual architecture, special playing surfaces will also play an integral role in its success.
WSA - Issue5 - Sept/Oct 2005
Fun in the sun?
Skin ageing, cancers and irritations are increasing. And so is the need for protecting the human skin from harmful ultraviolet radiation. Our intrepid explorer, Till Gottbrath, considers the technologies of textile-provided UV-protection as well as test and certification standards.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2005
Adapting a product to fit the specific
News items don’t always provide a full picture: for instance, what was the thinking behind the Sensitive Wearing Concept or B3 SWC collection launched earlier this year, bringing Eurojersey and Lanificio Becagli together?
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2005
How realistic are temperature test standards?
At the 2003 Survival Conference, hosted by Leeds University in the UK, Dave Brook gave an enlightening talk on the mechanics of insulation evaluation in regard to sleeping bags, which was reported in World Sports Activewear. He was particularly concerned with the implications of the new EN13537 test standard proposed for 2005. This is now with us and at this year’s conference he returned to the subject.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2005
Fibres afoot
Some of us are content if we find a matching pair of socks to put on in the morning, but for the serious athlete, and for manufacturers, socks have become an essential piece of sporting apparel, affecting both performance and comfort. As a result of this, the manufacture of socks has become an exact science.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2005
Assuming the lotus position
The lotus leaf is very clever - it’s been around for a very long time and it still looks good. It also provides food for thought in the burgeoning world of nanotechnology and biomimicry.
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2005
Seen and (hopefully) not hurt
For more than 60 years retroreflective materials have been making conditions safer for those who work in poorly-lit, hazardous situations. More recently, those who pursue outdoor sports have been wearing luminescent clothing in greater numbers as high-visibility materials technology advances.
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2005
Technology and fashion: a brighter future for cyclists
New thoughts on creating luminescent clothing for cyclists using rechargeable, thin-film batteries and luminescent inks could provide a fresh retro-reflective alternative to combine fashion and functionality.
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2005
Using the right molecules to cope with seams and fabrics that stretch
Garment assembly techniques continue to change: new concepts,taped seams, stretch tapes and welding as well as the demand for stretch comfort in clothing has forced thread makers to look at their ability to provide the flexibility demanded. Now there is a thread with elasticity to match the need.
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2005
Reflecting on road runners and other nocturnal creatures
High visibility footwear has come a long way since fireflies were tied to a runner’s boots. Flashing lights have been relegated to fun footwear for kids but late night joggers still need to make sure that others are aware of their presence and shape.
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2005
Moisture control
A major theme running thorough this issue, this article focuses on breathable waterproof fabrics especially for those intent on sailing. While multi-layers may still be the most popular option, at least one major name is developing the multi-layer concept into a single system.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2005
The secret is in the seam
Controlling moisture is just as much about the components as the fabrics. Greater attention is being paid to the humble seam and new products being developed to keep seams water-tight.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2005
Waterproof barriers for footwear
Moisture control in footwear has seen tremendous improvements in recent years. It wasn’t all that long ago when keeping feet dry meant compromising comfort. New materials and construction methods have changed to ensure that the properties of staying dry and comfortable are compatible.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2005
A 100-year “overnight success” story in moisture management
An eccentric mountaineer theorised that cotton canvas canopy fabrics gained much of their water resistance by wicking moisture along the surface of the fibres. He was proved right and so a Lancashire cotton mill, which had developed weaving fabrics for dirigibles, set off into the world of performance fabrics.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2005
Obliged to improve and differentiate
Looking at sleeping bags, one might be forgiven for thinking that they have been unchanged for the last ten or twenty years. Not quite as this article explores recent developments within this competitive market and how the big boys are coping with waterproof technologies.
WSA - Issue1 - Jan/Feb 2005
Swimsuit technology made a splash in Athens
Spitz, Thorpe and Phelps. A one million dollar bonus. Major developments in textile engineering. And all for one purpose – to hit gold as many times as possible in the swimming pool at the Athens Olympics.
WSA - Issue6 - Nov/Dec 2004
Progress for dummies
Not the title of yet another book in the series, but a refresher course on an ancient production aid. Mannequins with a modern take on sizing, quality control and even skin texture, are still finding a place in production facilities around the world. There are some things that a computer programme cannot do.
WSA - Issue5 - Sept/Oct 2004
Dealing with stretch
Problems in CMT are compounded where the base fabric is relatively unstable even before it gets anywhere near lay-planning. Modern techniques and machinery remove much of the potential misery in producing apparel in stretch fabrics.
WSA - Issue5 - Sept/Oct 2004
Turning shape and size research into reality
With millions of dollars being spent on scanners, software and research programmes, it might have been supposed that we know exactly what size means. Think again. And question the advisability of asking a true shopaholic to wait just a few days for that “must have” dress or jacket.
WSA - Issue5 - Sept/Oct 2004
Power to the people
Far from being a rallying cry, the power in question is generated by the magic of elastane yarns, clever knitting and even cleverer designs. This is where muscle control starts on the outside but builds to a crescendo of inner personal performance. Not for marathon runners.
WSA - Issue5 - Sept/Oct 2004
It’s all in the handling
It’s the most daunting part of international travel. It’s estimated that 20 million items go missing every year. We never take enough, but there’s always too much. A look at the softer touch to luggage specifications and an overview of modern security systems.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2004
Your flexible protector
An accident on the snowboarding slopes led to the development of an automotive plastics set-aside technology into a comfortable protective layering. Almost magical in operation, the product appears to have a wide range of applications in the sporting context.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2004
Smaller than a bar code: yet much bigger
RFID technology is steadily growing in coverage and acceptance despite early opposition from civil liberties groups. But it can save the clothing industry – and many others – million of dollars in lowering inventory and tracking counterfeit product. Children’s toys, the children themselves, baggage tracking at airports and ticketing for sports events are all possible beneficiaries.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2004
A genuine silver lining – from deity to practicality
From ancient times to the modern day, silver has played a major part in the health regimes of most civilisations. If you thought that this metal was all about wealth creation, then perhaps it’s time to consider some other possibilities. Babies, burn victims, soccer players and super-models can all reap the benefits.
WSA - Issue4 - Jul/Aug 2004
Inky digitals
Inkjet printing for fabric samples or short run textiles is an opportunity to be exploited. The developments are coming thick and fast and bring closer the option of total personalisation being added to mass customisation.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2004
Variable geometry fabrics
A presentation to a conference held at the UK’s Leeds University leads to the belief that totslly adjustable protection in apparel is attainable
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2004
Olympic green
With the Athens Olympics almost upon us, now is a good time to take a look at what’s afoot – or at least under it. Synthetic grass or composite prefabrications, what is the technology involved in producing the perfect sports surfaces for the world’s athletes.
WSA - Issue3 - May/Jun 2004
Courage, determination and Paralympians
The application of technology to enable disabled or physically-challenged athletes to reach their full potential. even if they might
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2004
Applied Technology: The flying W
Carbon fibre, titanium, graphite and polymer-based adhesives subjected to the disciplines of Computer Aided Design at Wilson tennis racquets
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2004
Electro interest rekindled
A select few companies have been driven to marry electronics and textiles. Progress has been slow over the past few years, but things are looking up once again.
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2004
Sweet chariot
The effects of the rugby world cup 2003 were two-fold. A justifiable surge in national pride after an England victory and an international surge in the sales of replica shirts. But the question is , did the textile technology built into the shirts win the tournament?
WSA - Issue2 - Mar/Apr 2004
Those loadbearing-pronationreducing-heelsupporting-shockabsorbing-designintegrated
Athletic footwear becomes more complicated by the day as pedorthists and designers become aware of the myriad conditions that can affect the human foot under stress. If there’s a problem in footfall or lift-off, there will be an answer in the magical combinations of polymers and fabric that can be matched to corrective need.
WSA - Issue3 - Autumn 2003
Taking on the giants
One Korean company is set on tackling the performance textile market on its own terms. With two complementary fabrics that are reported to be some of the most effective moisture control specifications available – it might just have a point.
WSA - Issue3 - Autumn 2003
…very little of it
Science non-fiction is the stuff of fiction, but if you think a nano is a double negative this may be an opportunity to get up to date. Scientists and physicists have been researching nanotechnology for many years on the most limited of budgets. Now governments have come on board and the spending is in trillions of dollars. Are tangible results just around the corner?
WSA - Issue1 - Spring 2003
Totally spaced out
Conferences come and go, often with little to justify the expense and opportunity cost of the time involved in attendance. But a small gathering in England in April 2002 received a presentation of significance. Assembling performance textiles into an order that maximises their potential is a serious matter, and few would dare to challenge accepted thinking. Andrew Spink did so by adding another factor to an established equation – and improving performance overall.
WSA - Issue1 - Spring 2003
The game’s underfoot
Synthetic playing surfaces of one form or another have been with us for hundreds of years, but modern polymer technology is quite literally gaining ground. It is a very long way from the sisal matting surfaces of schoolboy cricket; safety and the requirement for less ‘painful’ coverings have drawn the best from construction techniques that are geared to the provision of all-year-round sport. As a multi-billion dollar activity that is continuing to grow by dealing with grass that does not, the synthetic surfacing industry is committed to providing the ‘subtle mix of impact transfers, shock absorption, ‘slide’ and ‘texture’ that characterises a good quality sports field.
WSA - Issue1 - Spring 2003
AVH80. The body perfect
If you are ‘lookist’ or a senior member of Body Police, then this feature will make uncomfortable reading. So many facets of our society make a fetish of bodily perfection, regarded by the more sanguine as searching for the impossible dream. But what is ‘perfection’? And what does AVH80 signify? Two design graduates carried out simultaneous research on shapes and sizes, with many intriguing results.
WSA - Issue1 - Spring 2003
Applied technology: It’s the hands that suffer more than the ears
In the beginning we folded over the top of the sack and looped a piece of cord to hold it in place. Since then we’ve added straps, buckles, zips and studs in an effort to keep personal equipment clean and dry inside a rucksack. Recent moves include ‘stealth’ technology and laser-controlled identification – with some interesting results.
WSA - Issue4 - Winter 2002
Customised sheep = consumer satisfaction
Dr Scott Champion is the research, development and product innovation manager with The New Zealand Merino Company. His paper highlights the benefits in having grown almost specifically to order, with tight control of the variables and an opportunity to rack up the performance before the yarn reaches the loom or knitters. The customised approach is explained and the benefits of merino are summarised, starting with ‘Wool is natural, renewable, can be easily recycled and is biodegradable.’
WSA - Issue4 - Winter 2002
Turn on or turn off
Our regular update on the progress in the war against bad odour. Chemical processes continue to hold their popularity as inhibitors, benefiting from the trend towards low temperature laundering. However, silver technologies are also seen to be a positive benefit by newcomers to the sector who consider longevity of operation to be vital to commercial success. The inventor of a new ‘silvered’ textile says that the product places 80% of the skin’s surface in direct contact with the precious metal.
WSA - Issue4 - Winter 2002
Applied Technology: flexible friends – pole to pole
Historically tent poles were simple technology, but now it looks as though we are moving towards an era of dual-purpose poles.
WSA - Issue4 - Winter 2002
Reinventing the world
Michael Braugnart took the podium at The Summit 2002 and electrified his audience with a brilliant example of lateral thinking on the part of himself and his business partner Bill McDonough. Their MBDC design partnership covers solutions using eco-effectiveness as the driving force. The results are projects that protect the environment by using reusable materials as basis for further production when their first working life cycle is complete.
WSA - Issue3 - Autumn 2002
Lighten up
Twenty years of lobbying has finally borne fruit as he soft shells mission becomes acceptable. Today’s outdoor trend was on yesterday’s whish list, but it could not have happened without modern textile technology.
WSA - Issue3 - Autumn 2002
Mass customisation
Gerber Technology has been at the forefront of CAD/CAM as applied to the consumer desire for that unique piece of clothing. For the manufacturer mass customisation offers the ability to produce unique product from the base specification, one that cannot be copied by the competition and one that enables him to charge a premium in offering a personal privilege to the customer.
WSA - Issue3 - Autumn 2002
The Quickwick papers
Moisture vapour Transmission (MVT) technology has come a long way since the Norwegian manufacturer Helly Hansen introduced its Lifa base layer ranges. Today, the sports activewear designer is faced with a bewildering array of MVT fabrics making the selection of the right fabric for the application more difficult than ever.
WSA - Issue2 - Summer 2002
What’s in a name?
The study and application of biometrics is not all that it seems, and if you thought that all it concerned was personal and corporate security; think again. A logical extension into sports medicine, the adjustment of training techniques and reactive clothing are all part of the ‘smart’ move into sports activewear.
WSA - Issue2 - Summer 2002
Improving design cycle time and bottom lines by using 3D visualization technology
Manufacturing and design parameters impact on the balance sheet, but it is possible for the path to be smoothed with new methods to meet consumer expectations in terms of rapid changes to styles and fashion. As activewear leans even further towards fashionista lifestyles, the ability to take this morning’s sketches straight off the board and produce them on the focus group’s display screens by tomorrow, could be a corporate lifesaver.
WSA - Issue2 - Summer 2002
Stretch leather – a fresh category of leather with new opportunities
Stretch leather – a fresh category of leather with new opportunities
WSA - Issue2 - Summer 2002
Genuine or not – it’s here to stay
Microfibres, with a little help from polyurethane have led the advances made to produce the ultimate “man-made” leather. Extensive research and development has led to synthetic materials making inroads into the manufacture of various sporting goods. However, aren’t these innovative materials ready to be marketed on the basis of their unique features rather than always being compared with “the real thing”.
WSA - Issue2 - Summer 2002
New solution to waterproofing footwear
A lamination process for leather, developed by Italian company Nextec, provides a new solution to waterproofing. Called OutDry, the product is bonded to the back of leather and can offer important cost advantages to manufactures. What makes this innovation of importance, especially to the footwear industry, is that the waterproofing can be applied to shoe uppers after cutting.
WSA - Issue2 - Summer 2002
Reactive – or ahead of the game?
Despite the apparent similarity in their product offerings, the two main competitors in the breathable membranes have taken radically different paths in serving the needs of their customers in the sports market. Comparative time-liners raise questions of pro activity or the reverse and the entry of a new player suggests another strategy for consideration.
WSA - Issue1 - Spring 2002
Barking up the right tree
The Quercus Suber, or cork tree, producers a material that has been used since Roman times for sealing wine and making shoes more comfortable. Cork insulates, absorbs moisture, and has a host of other desirable attributes that fabric manufacturers have spent millions trying to emulate. Increasingly combined with modern materials such as rubber for grips, polyurethanes for handlebar tape and latex for insoles, cork today has a multitude of sporting applications
WSA - Issue1 - Spring 2002
What goes around comes around
Though it might seem a contradiction in terms, the concept of Mass Customisation is nevertheless one of the technical textile sector’s most powerful megatrends. With roots in the pre-industrial age when customised garments were routinely produced for the better off, the subject undergoes an in-depth analysis, describing its history and highlighting the importance of information technology. The advantages of single piece production, the increasing significance of supply chain integration and the uneasy relationship between ‘size’ and ‘fit’ are all examined, as is the potential of point of sale systems as a tool for fine tuning product offerings. It is a megatrend that any business involved in the production and distribution of technical textiles ignores at its peril.
WSA - Issue1 - Spring 2002
Expanding the alphabet of fibres
A technical fibre so different from others that it required the US Trade Commission to create a new generic classification. Developed by Cargill Dow LLC, NatureWorks PLA is a synthetic fibre sourced from naturally-occurring sugars. Being derived from annually renewable resources, it is a product with obvious environmental credentials. It is also said to combine the most desired characteristics of natural fibres. With its strong value added element, PLA could well provide the breathing space required if US spinners and weavers are to successfully differentiate their output from the Asian competition.
WSA - Issue1 - Spring 2002
Coming up smelling of roses
Antimicrobial fibres and fabrics remain one of the industry’s most fascinating areas of product development. The article looks at the current state of the market, its main suppliers and the latest advances being made in the field. The complexity of the market makes accurate research not just desirable but absolutely necessary.
WSA - Issue4 - Winter 2001
Moving seams
Originally developed by the pantyhose industry, seamless technology is making inroads into sports textiles in the pursuit of comfort and speed. A look at the possibilities being opened up by seamless knitting machines indicates the advantages and limitations of the technology. Investigating the changing relationship between seamless production and traditional knitting techniques, the conclusion is that the two are complimentary.
WSA - Issue4 - Winter 2001
Any image, any colour
Fresh CAD / CAM technology opens a whole new world of printing permanently on leather.
WSA - Issue3 - Autumn 2001
It’s not necessarily magic, but…..
Some of the more extraordinary aspects of textile technology that are currently in development.
WSA - Issue3 - Autumn 2001
Bringing the body to bear
Finding the hot spots on the human body helps football players keep their cool.
WSA - Issue2 - Summer 2001
Fibre update
DuPont’s new corn based polymer; Nexia’s goat’s milk project; Meryl Skinlife; Unifi’s Augusta and Sorbtek.
WSA - Issue2 - Summer 2001
Seven doctors in a state of Shock
New springs, 17 years in development and testing at Nike’s Sports Research Lab.
WSA - Issue1 - Spring 2001
The application of ultraviolet absorbers for sun protective fabrics
A Ciba discussion in this ever-important topic stresses the benefits of process over inherent qualities.
WSA - Issue1 - Spring 2001
Looking for winners #1
An academic look at the potential in the technology/marketing mix
WSA - Issue1 - Spring 2001
Making the grade: the Internet’s impact on sporting goods customisation
A KSA study of the E-methods available to profitably maximize consumer choice
WSA - Issue4 - Winter 2000
Just slip into something a little more comfortable
International performance fibres update.
WSA - Issue4 - Winter 2000
Project Swift
How Nike streamlined the Olympics
WSA - Issue4 - Winter 2000
Swanky bags
Sleeping bag development has been concentrated on fillings and space.
WSA - Issue4 - Winter 2000
Moving into an area of nanotechnology
The stuff of sci-fi. An examination of the potential for programmable ‘machines’ in the search for performance.
WSA - Issue3 - Autumn 2000
Charlie, James and Gloria hold the clues to fitness for purpose.
Saving reputations and money; three leading test houses programme ambient testing.
WSA - Issue3 - Autumn 2000
Steps into the millennium
A progressive look at shoe manufacturing landmarks.
WSA - Issue1 - Spring 2000
Smart textiles
Natural fibres have in-built added value when wet.
WSA - Issue1 - Spring 2000
Mad dogs and Englishmen
Keep up to date with the UV-protection business.
WSA - Issue1 - Spring 2000

DuPont Tate & Lyle D 2018

Sportstextiles.com cannot be held responsible for content if the language setting is changed from English. The translations provided by Google Translate are automated and therefore might not be accurate and may contain incorrect, offensive or misleading language. We offer this facility as a guide only.

Copyright © 2019 World Trades Publishing Limited. All Rights Reserved.